Cairns, considered the gateway to Australia’s Great Barrier Reef, is a city in tropical Far North Queensland. Its Tjapukai Aboriginal Cultural Park tells the stories of indigenous Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people with music and dance. Cairns Esplanade, lined with bars and restaurants, has a swimming lagoon. Northwest of the city, Daintree National Park spans mountainous rainforest, gorges and beaches. ― Google
Tropical and touristy, Cairns boasts an idyllic location between the Great Barrier Reef and the lush rainforests and cloud-cloaked plateau of the Atherton Tableland. Many sightseers use Cairns as a base for trips to these nearby natural jewels, but the town itself offers plenty of tourist attractions and a convivial vacation vibe. Palm-lined streets and the plethora of tour operators in town add to the air of tropical adventure. A favourite pastime here is a stroll along the Cairns Esplanade, a seafront promenade flanked by parks, playgrounds, cafés, and water-themed attractions. Idyllic beaches stretch to the north and south of town, from Trinity Bay to Port Douglas, though Cairns itself lacks a decent strip of sand.
Visiting the Great Barrier Reef, wilderness adventures in the Wet Tropics World Heritage Area, and scenic trips to the rainforest village of Kuranda are high on most sightseeing agendas. No wonder Cairns graces the list of Australia’s most popular tourist destinations.
Great Barrier Reef Cruises & Scenic Flights
A cruise to one of Australia’s greatest treasures, the World Heritage-listed Great Barrier Reef, is one of the most popular things to do from Cairns. Stretching for more than 2,300 kilometres, the reef is one of the planet’s richest ecosystems, with a dazzling diversity of hard and soft corals and countless species of fish, molluscs, and other marine animals, including dolphins, turtles, and sharks.
Whether you want to snorkel or dive, the best way to see this remote natural wonder is on an organized tour. The 8.5-hour Great Barrier Reef Diving and Snorkelling Cruise from Cairns whisks you out to the reef on a deluxe 100-passenger boat in just over an hour, with an on-board marine biologist. For those, who also want to see the reef from the air, the Great Barrier Reef Scenic Helicopter Tour and Cruise from Cairns is a fantastic option allowing you to customize your tour. You can fly one way to the reef and cruise back, or enjoy a round-trip flight with time for lunch, snorkelling, and swimming.
Cairns Esplanade is a fabulous place to enjoy a sunrise or sunset stroll and soak up the vibe of this friendly town. A massive facelift transformed this seafront strip into a vibrant social hub and recreation center catering to both locals and tourists. Stretching along the seafront in town, the esplanade now encompasses lush tropical parks, playgrounds, a swimming lagoon, and foreshore promenade. Birdlife is abundant in the fringing mangroves and tidal flats, and interpretative signs share fascinating tidbits about the region’s ecology.
Among the treasure trove of free attractions are a bouldering park, beach volleyball courts, bike paths, a skate park, exercise equipment, water-themed playgrounds, and more. Restaurants and cafés offer a diversity of dining options, and picnickers will find barbecues dotted along the lawns.
Official site: http://www.cairnsesplanade.com/
Cairns Botanic Gardens
Originally laid out in 1886, Cairns Botanic Gardens boasts one of the finest collections of tropical plants in Australia. Green thumbs can take a self-guided tour through several kaleidoscopic gardens showcasing more than 4,000 different species of plants. The formal Flecker Garden spotlights tropical habitats from around the globe with jungle and rainforest plants from Southeast Asia, Africa, South America, and Queensland. From here, you can stroll along the Rainforest Boardwalk to Centenary Lakes, a haven for birds with both freshwater and saltwater habitats. From the main gardens, footpaths lead to a patch of rainforest on the slopes of Mount Whitfield, with magnificent views of the town and the coast. Other highlights include the Aboriginal Plant Use Garden, a bamboo collection, fern house, and a Gondwanan Heritage Garden, which traces the evolution of wet tropics plants in Australia. This is one of the best things to do on a budget in Cairns; entry is free.
Address: 1 Collins Avenue, Cairns
Official site: http://www.cairns.qld.gov.au/cbg
Day Trip to Kuranda
One of the most popular day trips from Cairns, Kuranda lies nestled in lush rainforest on the hills of the Atherton Tableland. Getting to Kuranda is half the fun. From just outside Cairns, you can glide over World Heritage-listed rainforests on the Skyrail Rainforest Cableway and gaze down upon the beautiful Barron River and gorge. Another option is to take the Kuranda Scenic Railway up through the rainforest past plunging ravines and cool cascades. Self-drive travellers will also enjoy the views.
Once there, a must-see is the Kuranda Markets. Both the Original Markets and the Heritage Markets are open daily, their stalls brimming with handmade crafts, aboriginal artifacts, souvenirs, jewellery, and tropical culinary treats. Other popular attractions include the Australian Butterfly Sanctuary; Bird world, Australia’s largest assemblage of free flying birds; Kuranda Koala Gardens; and the Rain forestation Nature Park. Many visitors combine a trip to Kuranda with a visit to the Tjapukai Aboriginal Cultural Park.
Taking an organized tour helps you make the most of your time in Kuranda. The full-day Kuranda Scenic Railway Day Trip from Cairns, includes two exhilarating modes of travel, taking you to Kuranda on the scenic railway and returning via the Skyrail Rainforest Cableway, with plenty of time to explore the attractions in between. Best of all, you can customize the itinerary depending on your interests.
Tjapukai Aboriginal Cultural Park
Tucked in lush rainforest, about a 15 minute-drive from Cairns, the Tjapukai Aboriginal Cultural Park offers enriching insight into one of the oldest cultures on earth. For more than 25 years, the centre has been a popular stop on the tourist circuit and is often packaged with tours to Kuranda thanks to the adjacent Skyrail station. Dance performances, music, storytelling, and exhibits bring the fascinating culture of the Tjapukai people to life. You can learn how to play a didgeridoo, fling a boomerang, throw a spear, and discover the medicinal bonuses of bush tucker. Day visits with interactive activities and night visits with a buffet dinner, fire-starter ceremony, and live performances are on the agenda. After all the activities, you can enjoy a meal at the Boomerang Restaurant.
Address: Cairns Western Arterial Road, Caravonica
Official site: http://www.tjapukai.com.au/
Barron Gorge National Park
Part of the Wet Tropics World Heritage Area, Barron Gorge National Park is another jewel in the crown of Far North Queensland’s stunning wilderness areas. Dense rainforest cloaks these misty peaks, and magnificent waterfalls tumble into the Barron River and its tributaries. The best way to see this unspoiled natural beauty is by taking a trip on the Kuranda Scenic Railway, or the Skyrail Rainforest Cableway. A particularly striking feature, especially during the wet season, is the 260-meter Barron Falls. Sightseers who want to spend a couple of days exploring this spectacular park can access the main features by car.
Official site: http://www.nprsr.qld.gov.au/parks/barron-gorge/about.html
Day Trip to Green Island
Cloaked in rainforest and ringed by coral reefs, Green Island is a tropical island paradise a short boat ride from Cairns. Snorkelling, scuba diving, and swimming are the main activities, and those who prefer to stay dry can view the marine life from a glass-bottomed boat or underwater observatory. Exploring the island itself is just as rewarding. Well-maintained boardwalks wind through the lush greenery, and you can cool off in the island pool. The neighbouring coral island, Michaelmas Cay, is the nesting place of many thousands of seabirds – one of the largest colonies of birds on the Great Barrier Reef.
On the Green Island Day Trip from Cairns, traveling to the island on an air-conditioned catamaran is part of the adventure. Once you arrive, you can snorkel from the beach, dive the reef, view the coral from a glass-bottomed boat or semi-submarine, or try a Sea walking experience.
Official site: http://www.nprsr.qld.gov.au/parks/green-island/
Day Trip to Fitzroy Island
About 45 minutes by ferry from Cairns, Fitzroy Island offers a serene dose of sun, sand, and sea. Rainforest-fringed beaches are the major draw, where you can snorkel, swim, and kayak. To the north of the island, walking trails lead to a lighthouse on the point and a panoramic lookout on the island’s peak. You can also explore colourful soft corals at nearby Little Fitzroy Island on a half-day kayak tour. The Fitzroy Island Day Trip from Cairns includes the round-trip ferry ticket, and you can upgrade your excursion with an Activity Pass, which includes a picnic lunch; sports equipment, such as snorkelling gear and stand up paddleboards; a stinger suit; and a glass-bottom boat tour.
Official site: http://www.nprsr.qld.gov.au/parks/fitzroy-island/index.html
Day Trip to Daintree Rainforest and Cape Tribulation
About 140 kilometres north of Cairns, Cape Tribulation is one of the few places on earth where two of the planet’s richest ecosystems merge: The Daintree Rainforest and the Great Barrier Reef. Both of these natural wonders are UNESCO World Heritage sites, and you can easily visit them on a day trip from Cairns. Stroll along the shore at Cape Tribulation, and you can see where coral reefs thrive in shallow waters along the beautiful jungle-backed beach. While you’re there, you can add an array of reef and rainforest wilderness adventures to your itinerary, such as ziplining through the jungle, hiking, diving, snorkelling, and kayaking.
The most convenient way to see this spectacular stretch of coast is on an organized tour. The Daintree Rainforest, Cape Tribulation Day Tour includes a cruise down the tranquil Daintree River, a guided rainforest hike at Mossman Gorge, a visit to the beach at Cape Tribulation, and a refreshing swim in the Coral Sea. You can also hand-feed kangaroos and see other native Aussie animals at Wildlife Habitat Port Douglas. During the tour, expert guides share details about the rich tropical ecosystems, as well as the Kuku Yalanji people who first inhabited these lands.
About a 25-minute drive north of Cairns, Palm Cove is prized for its pretty palm-lined beach and pampering spa resorts. Peace and tranquillity reign along this picturesque stretch, and many restaurants and cafés beckon by the beach. Swimming is off limits for most of the year, except in a small enclosure, due to box jellyfish and possible crocodile encounters. Instead, you may want to sprawl on the powdery sands and admire the blissful sea views. Animal lovers will enjoy Hartley’s Crocodile Adventures, a popular croc show and wildlife park, as well as Cairns Tropical Zoo, where reptiles, birds, koalas, possums, pademelons, dingoes, and wombats await.
Location: About 20 kilometers north of Cairns
Official site: http://www.palmcove.net/index.php
Opened in 2017, Cairns Aquarium offers a fascinating glimpse of some of the marine ecosystems and creatures of the Great Barrier Reef. The aquarium’s mission is to encourage conservation of this World Heritage-listed ecosystems in Far North Queensland’s Wet Tropics. More than 15,000 animals live at the aquarium in 10 different ecosystems and more than 70 habitats, including mangroves, tropical rainforest, river systems, the Coral Sea, and the Great Barrier Reef. See deadly marine stingers and learn about the dangers of the reef, spot barramundi and crocodiles in a billabong river system, and come face to face with scalloped hammerhead sharks. An on-site Italian restaurant serves up lunch and snacks.
Address: 5 Florence Street, Cairns
Official site: http://www.cairnsaquarium.com.au/